Ways In Which We Have Stretched Our Efforts
In 1988, the Winchester Repeating Arms Company factory and houses in its immediate vicinity were added to the National Register of Historic Places as the Winchester Repeating Arms Company National Historic District. While this was an important recognition of the impact of the Winchester factory and its workers on the course of history, the historic district did not include most of the Newhallville neighborhood. In 2012, NHS set out to expand the boundaries of this neighborhood and tell the full story.
Newhallville flourished during the industrial era as a bedroom community to the factory workers at both the Winchester factory and at George T. Newhall’s carriage company (which lent its name to the neighborhood). As was typical of the country’s industrial cities of this era, the inherent interplay between these factories and the surrounding workers’ housing defined the neighborhood. The housing stock within the boundary increase illustrates a continuum of stylistic development beginning in the mid-1800s and continuing through the pre-World War II period.
Additionally, the historic district and its expansion are bisected by the remains of the Farmington Canal, an example of an early method of transportation route that allowed agricultural and industrial goods to be traded along great distances. The canal, as well as its later transformation into the New Haven and Northampton Railroad, represents the development and growth of the regional infrastructure.
The district is architecturally significant for containing fine examples of residential, commercial, municipal, and religious buildings designed by prominent local and nationally-known architects, with the popular vernacular styles of architecture of the time.
Of the 1,215 buildings and sites added to the existing Winchester historic district, 85% of the structures contribute to the district’s historical and architectural significance.
The Connecticut State Historic Preservation Office approved the Winchester Repeating Arms Company National Historic District Expansion in June 2013. In April 2015, the district expansion was approved by the U.S. Department of the Interior’s National Park Service.
NHS is proud to have sponsored the research and application process that saw the entire Newhallville neighborhood receive national recognition of its contribution to American history.